Corporate Atrophy

Supporting Research Literature

Ayres A (1985) Developmental Dyspraxia and Adult Onset Dyspraxia. Sensory Integration International, California.

Centre for Disease Control and Prevention (2003) Mental Health in the United States: Prevalence of Diagnosis and Medication Treatment for Attention Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder. This reports a 7.8% ADHD prevalence in 2003 with 56.3% of this population on medication.

Cotman C, Berchtold N and Christie L (2007) Exercise Builds Brain Health: Key Roles of Growth Factor Cascades and Inflammation. Trends in Neuroscience Vol 30 No 9, 464-472. This research profiles how exercise improves cerebral vascular perfusion, increases the production of neurogenic growth factor, and decreases inflammation with subsequent increase in the number and length of survival of nerve cells in the hippocampal region, implicated in learning and memory. This article also shows the positive effects of exercise on reducing depression.

Driver J and Frith C (2000) Shifting Baselines in Attention Research. Nature Reviews Neuroscience Vol 1, 147-148. This commentary profiles new studies indicating that the attention state of the observer affects processing of incoming stimuli, and that the sensory cortex can actually prepare and modulate incoming stimuli. This information substantiates the importance of educating children regarding how to attain body energy necessary to improve attention by using Zone’in Tools and Techniques.

Engel A, Fries P, and Singer W (2001) Dynamic Predictions: Oscillations and Synchrony In Top-Down Processing. Nature Reviews Neuroscience Vol 2 704-716. This paper reports how descending pathways (expectations, attention, knowledge and memory) modulate ascending stumuli, and profiles how “the human brain should be regarded as a much more active and adaptive system”.

Frick S and Hacker C (2001) Listening With the Whole Body. Vital Links Press, Wisconsin.

Grossberg S (2005) Linking Attention to Learning, Expectation, Competition, and Consciousness. Neurobiology of Attention (Eds. Itti, Rees and Tsotsos). Elsevier Academic Press Chapter 107, 652-662. Grossberg discusses his Adaptive Resonance Theory which predicts that “All conscious states are resonant states”, and that there is a resonance between top-down attention modulation and bottom-up stimuli, and that this resonance leads to a synchronization which facilitates learning as “cells that fire together wire together”.

Hillman C, Erickson K and Kramer A (2008) Be Smart, Exercise Your Heart: Exercise Effects of Brain and Cognition. Nature Reviews Neuroscience Vol 9 58-65. This article profiles the following studies: achievement in standardized test of reading and math was positively correlated with physical fitness scores; social isolation reduced positive effects of exercise on hippocampal neurogensis; exercise training improved depression; cognitive, physical and social engagement decreased the risk of dementia.

Hofler D and Kooyman M (1996) Attachment Transition, Addiction and Therapeutic Bonding – An Integrative Approach. Journal of Substance Abuse Treatment Vol 13 No 6, 511-519. This article profiles the concept that addiction is a maladaptive attachment transition and results from a fear of intimacy, and states the clinical implication of using therapeutic bonding as a treatment intervention.

Horvath C (2004) Measuring Television Addiction. Journal of Broadcasting and Electronic Media Vol 48(3), 378-398. Information from this paper was used in the design of the Zone’in “TVVG Help Module for Parents and Teachers”.

Insel T and Young L (2001) The Neurobiology of Attachment. Nature Reviews Neuroscience Vol 2 129-137. This article profiles the importance of attachment and quotes Baruch Spinoza who states “Humans are primarily a social animal, and it’s our social attachments we live for”. Insel and Young define a mother’s attachment to her infant as a process of “approach, identify and select/reject”, which are mediated by the neuropeptides oxytocin and vasopressin, found in the dopamine rich areas of the brain, the substantia nigra and preoptic areas. This study points out the similarity between social attachment and psychostimulant addiction, as they apparently use the same neurological pathways, resulting in social recognition, reward and euphoria.

Koopman C, Pelletier K and Murray J (2002) Stanford Presenteeism Scale: Health Status and Employee Productivity. Journal of Occupational Environmental Medicine Vol 44 No 1, 14-20. This scale was used in the design of The Office Zone Workshop.

Kubey R, Lavin M and Barrows J (2001) Internet Use and Collegiate Academic Performance Decrements: Early Findings. Journal of Communication Vol 51 No 2, 366-382.

Learning Disabilities Association of British Columbia – Fact Sheet Statistics (2007) Learning Disabilities Fact Sheet. This document states that 15% of the elementary population has learning disabilities, with reading deficits the most prevalent condition. 35% of the learning disabled population will drop out of school, 60% will receive treatment for substance abuse, and they will have twice the unemployment rate of the non-disabled population.

Lofland J, Pizzi L and Frick K (2004) A Review of Health-Related Workplace Productivity Loss Instruments. Journal of PharmacoEconomics Vol 22 No 3, 165-184. This review provides a comprehensive overview of the published, peer-reviewed survey instruments available to measure health-related workplace productivity loss. Five instruments measured both absenteeism and presenteeism, and were used in the design of The Office Zone Workshop.

Mate, G (1999) Scattered Minds. A New Look at the Origins and Healing of Attention Deficit Disorder. Alfred A. Knopf Publishers, Toronto, Canada.

Mirsky A, Anthony B, Duncan C, Ahern M, Kellam S (1991) Analysis of the Elements of Attention: A Neuropsychological Approach. Neuropsychology Review Vol 2 No. 2, 109-145. This study reports three elements of attention and their respective anatomical origins: focus/execution – temporal and parietal lobes, sustain/encode – hippocampus and amydgala, and shift – prefrontal cortex.

Montagu, A (1978) Touching, The Human Significance of the Skin 2nd Edition. Harper and Row Publishers Inc. New York.

Mukaddes N, Bilge S, Alyanak B, Kora M (2000) Clinical Characteristics and Treatment Responses in Cases Diagnosed as Reactive Attachment Disorder. Child Psychiatry and Human Development Vol 30(4), 273-287. This study was conducted on 15 children with RAD who were misdiagnosed with PDD, and found that 66.6% of RAD children were exposed to 7.26 hours of TV use per day with age of onset at 7.16 months, and conclude that “excessive TV exposure might be a form of neglect that is specific for RAD patients”.

Nielsen Media Research Report (2005) Television’s Popularity is Still Growing. From a sample size of 25,000, this report states that in 2005/2006, adults watched an average 4 hours and 35 minutes of TV per day.

Schilling D, Washington K, Billingsley F and Deitz J (2003) Classroom Seating for Children With Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder: Therapy Balls Versus Chairs. American Journal of Occupational Therapy Vol 57 No 5, 534-541. This research found that use of therapy balls for students with ADHD facilitates in-seat behavior and legible word productivity.

Schmidt R and Lee T (2005) Motor Control and Learning: A Behavioral Emphasis. Human Kinetics Publishing, Illinois. This book reports the immense role that vision has in determining behavior, and states that 87.7% of behavior is driven by vision.